What Does The Surgical Procedure Involve?
This type of procedure may last anywhere from one to a few hours, depending on the type of surgery and the severity of the problem. Many different corrections can be made — for instance, upper jaw surgery can involve moving the jaw forward, backward, lowering it or raising it. Incisions are generally made inside the mouth in order to make sure that there are no visible scars on the outside of the patient’s face. However, in the rare circumstances that it is necessary to make an external incision, special care is taken to conceal it in the natural creases of the skin.
When Are Surgical Orthodontics Necessary?Surgical orthodontics are usually necessary when a patient’s jaws do not line up properly and a healthy bite cannot be achieved solely using traditional orthodontic treatment methods. However, in order to employ surgical orthodontics, it is important to make sure that the jaw has stopped growing. Generally speaking, a person’s jaw has become fully formed between the ages of 16 and 18 — it is therefore not recommended to perform surgery on a child’s jaw before the age of 16. Take a look at some of the most common conditions that require surgical orthodontics:
- Correcting an open bite
During this procedure, some of the bone in the upper part of the jaw has to be removed. The upper jaw is then secured using a number of small screws and plates.
- Correcting a receding lower jaw
A receding lower jaw tends to cause a “weak chin” — to correct it, we will separate the bone in the lower portion of the jaw and reposition it forward.
- Correcting a protruding lower jaw
A protruding lower jaw is treated by separating the bone in the rear part of the jaw from the front portion and modifying it so that the jaw can be moved back into alignment.